According to encyclopedia britannica, electoral system, method and rules of counting votes is used to determine the outcome of elections and it increases the chances of minor parties and independents winning seats, produces closer results in the struggle between the major parties, and makes it difficult for a major party. When americans vote for a president and vice president, they are actually voting for presidential electors, known collectively as the electoral college the constitutional convention of 1787 considered several methods of electing the president, including selection by congress, by the governors of the states, by the state. Two major concerns characterize the study of electoral behavior one concern is with explaining the election result by identifying the sources of individual voting behavior we attempt to understand the election outcome by understanding how and why the voters made up their minds another major concern in voting. The electoral college is widely regarded as an anachronism, a nondemocratic method of selecting a president that ought to be superseded by declaring th because almost all states award electoral votes on a winner-take-all basis, even a very slight plurality in a state creates a landslide electoral-vote. But the problem is not confined to referendums: in an election, you may cast your vote, but you are also casting it away for the next few years it is as if the people who compiled the declaration back in 1948 had come to see the specific method as a basic right, as if the procedure was in itself sacred. At the end of an election, officials open up the back of each machine to read the counter wheels and determine how many votes were cast for each candidate by the 1960s, these machines were used by about half the voters in the us these machines were appealing because they allowed election results to be determined.
The results from public opinion polls are used in a number of ways the results of these polls, in turn, largely determine where future campaign monies are to be spent and where each candidate's efforts will be concentrated until the close of the campaign but can this will make your public opinion poll easy to tabulate. Election - functions of elections: elections make a fundamental contribution to democratic governance types of elections elections of officeholders electorates have only a limited power to determine government policies most elections do not directly establish public policy but instead confer on a small group of officials. Question are election results determined by shallow first impressions or analysis of the facts 63responses i became there was no easy way to collect data online at the time, so we participated in one of the 'questionnaire days' organised by the department of psychology these q days were advertised. The electoral college creates the possibility of a 269-269 tie vote, and in almost every recent election there has been a relatively credible scenario for such an outcome (here's a recent cnn piece going over the ways that we could end up there this year and a nate silver article on the same subject).
This characteristic also includes security: it should be impossible to change someone else's vote, ballot stuff, destroy votes, or otherwise affect the accuracy of the final tally anonymity there must be a way of determining from that machine the series of last plays, up to that mandated by applicable law. The following essay is reprinted with permission from the conversation, an online publication covering the latest research a populist wave that began the election returns made clear that trump would carry over 300 electoral votes, more than enough to win the presidency it's extremely early to draw.
A country's electoral system is the method used to calculate the number of elected positions in government that individuals and parties are awarded after elections plurality systems normally depend on single-member constituencies, and allow voters to indicate only one vote on their ballot (by pulling a single lever,. “governments must concern themselves with the opinions of their citizens, if only to provide a basis for repression of elections therefore, elections tend to reflect the views of those who vote, who are not necessarily representative of the public as we shall see later, elections tend to reflect the viewpoints of more educated.
The founding fathers enshrined the electoral college in the us constitution because they thought it was the best method to choose the president using electors instead of the popular vote was intended to safeguard against uninformed or uneducated voters by putting the final decision in the hands of electors most likely to. Decolonialisation created a host of new democracies in africa and asia, and autocratic regimes gave way to democracy in greece (1974), spain (1975), argentina tsar has destroyed the substance of democracy in russia, muzzling the press and imprisoning his opponents, while preserving the show—everyone can vote. According to robert's rules of order, a widely used guide to parliamentary procedure, the bases for determining the voting result consist of two elements: (1) the percentage of votes that are required for a a voting method is the way in which people cast their votes in an election or referendum.